Q&A : : Special Economic Zones (SEZ)
Originally aired on Radio Poland, 2/10.
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Special Economic Zones (SEZ) are designated areas in a country with special economic regulations that are different from other areas of the country. Poland has 14 such zones until the year 2026. Yet are these areas still needed in the country?
Special Economic Zones (SEZ) are not a phenomena only designated to Poland. SEZ's exist in other countries such as Belarus, Greece, Iran etc.
The special economic zones were instated in Poland in 1994 in order to help create capital in the country by attracting Foreign Direct Investments (FDI). In 2013, the government lengthened the zones until 2026.
Each zone is an adminstratively seperate part of the Polish territory allocated for the running of businesses on preferential terms, which are aimed to attract foreign investors. Yet critics of SEZ believe that the zones permit an unfair competition in the country such as tax avoidance for foreign companies.
Radio Poland's Kamila Kudelska spoke with Anna Gromada of the Kalecki Foundation, an independent Polish think tank, on the positive and negative aspects of the established SEZ in Poland.